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Like his successor, President Lyndon Johnson and his wife Claudia (better known as "Lady Bird") had two daughters. Their eldest daughter is Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, a remarkable woman who has accomplished much in her own right.



Lynda Robb was born on March 19, 1944 in Washington D.C. At the time, her father was a Congressman representing Texas's 10th district in the House. She attended high school at the National Cathedral School for Girls, in Washington, DC and later obtained her BA from the University of Texas at Austin. She was just 19 when her father became president following the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

As a young first daughter, her social life was often the subject of media interest. She was engaged to Bernard Rosenbach, but broke off the engagement. Shortly thereafter she met the George Hamilton, in 1966 and the young power couple began dating. At the time, in the wake of the Kennedy assassination and national protests of the Vietnam war, it was decided that the couple required Secret Service protection and the couple were one of the first to be protected by Secret Service agents.

Her relationship with Hamilton ended and in 1967 Lynda married her husband U.S. Marine Corps Captain Charles S. Robb in a ceremony that took place in the East Room of the White House in 1967. The wedding was officiated by the Right Reverend Gerald Nicholas McAllister. At the time, the Vietnam War was ongoing, and her husband served with distinction in Vietnam. Charles Robb would later become Lieutenant Governor of Virginia (from 1978 to 19 82), which made Lynda the Second Lady of Virginia. Later, Robb was elected to a term as Governor of Virginia (from 1982 to 1986), and Lynda became Virgina's First Lady. Robb went on to serve two terms as U.S. Senator from Virginia.

On May 9, 1979, President Jimmy Carter appointed Lynda Robb to chair the President's Advisory Committee for Women. The committee had thirty members and it's mandate was to promote equality for women in the cultural, social, economic, and political life of the United States. From 1996 to 2001, she also served as Chairman of the Board of "Reading is Fundamental", the nation's largest children's literacy organization. She continues to serve the organization as Chairman Emerita. She was also a contributing editor to Ladies Home Journal magazine from 1969 to 1981. and she now serves on the Board of Directors of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Foundation and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

In addition to the Bachelor of Arts she obtained, Lynda Robb holds an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Washington and Lee University and Norwich University.

Lynda Robb is the mother of three daughters: Lucinda Desha Robb (born in 1968), Catherine Lewis Robb (born in 1970) and Jennifer Wickliffe Robb (born in 1978).

In 2004, Lynda Bird attended the State funeral of former President Ronald Reagan, on behalf of her mother, Lady Bird Johnson, who was unable to attend because of poor health. She again represented her mother at the State funeral of former President Gerald Ford, who died December 26, 2006.



She now holds the honor of being the oldest living child of a U.S. President, obtaining that place following the death of John Eisenhower on December 21, 2013.
President Chester Alan Arthur had a reputation as a bit of a dandy who liked fine clothes, fine wine and who shirked work. That reputation is not entirely deserved, and it may be a better fit for his namesake son, Chester Alan Arthur II, of whom it was said may never have held a job, and whose life interests were polo, art and socializing. In the words of one author, "He thoroughly enjoyed a lifetime romp with wine, women and song."



Chester A. Arthur II, the son of Ellen Lewis Herndon and President Chester Alan Arthur, was born on July 25, 1864 in New York City. He was the couple's second child. Their first child, a son named William Lewis Herndon Arthur, was born in December 1860, and died in July 1863 from a swelling of the brain. As one would expect, Nell Arthur grieved the loss of her first child. Her husband wrote, "Nell is broken hearted. I fear for her health." Because of the tragic loss of their first child, they pampered their second son. Author Sandra Quinn wrote that the younger Chester Arthur "led a life that closely resembled that of European royalty." He was dressed in fine clothes, and he learned to sail and ride. His parents did not pressure him to perform well academically.

The Arthurs had a a third child, their daughter Ellen "Nell" Herndon Arthur, who was born in 1871. The family lived at 123 Lexington Avenue in New York. Ellen Arthur, the former southern belle from Virginia, held musical recitals, dinners and other parties at home and was a tremendous support for her husband's professional and political ambitions. Chester Arthur Sr. was a mover and shaker in the world of New York Republican politics.

His parents' marriage had its difficulties due to his father's frequent absences from the home while he was politicking. Ellen Arthur had difficulty accepting her husband's late hours and high living. She died in 1880 of pneumonia, before Arthur was selected to be James Garfield's running mate in the 1880 presidential election. Despite the difficulties in the marriage, Chester Alan Arthur Sr. took his wife's death very hard and it is said that it changed him. He became more attentive to his children at first, although he was criticized by some for showcasing them for political purposes. When Arthur became president, White House social affairs and administrative work began to edge out his family life and this put a strain on his relationship with his children.

Some have speculated that Chester Alan Arthur II may have developed a "live for the moment" attitude about life because of his mother's early death at the age of 42. When
President Arthur would "showcase his children" during White House parties, his daughter Ellen did not like the attention, but Chester Arthur II was more receptive, causing him to prefer a life of leisure over one of professional ambition. He gained the nickname "the Prince of Washington" for the way he used his status as the son of the President. He attended White House receptions and loved using the presidential yacht.

Chester Arthur II attended College of New Jersey (later named Princeton University) during his father's presidency. It is said that he would take the train his college to Washington, D.C., where he would "party into the wee hours of the morning". He learned to play the piano and also the banjo.

Chester Arthur II was at his father's side at the family's 123 Lexington Avenue house when President Chester A. Arthur died in 1886. Shortly before his father's death, at his father's request, he burned his father's official papers. They filled 3 garbage cans.

Arthur and his sister remained close until her death in 1915. He had once told a friend that he believed that when his sister Ellen married, he would lose all connections with any family. When Ellen became engaged, she told her brother that he was not losing her and that getting married wouldn't change their close relationship.

Arthur graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1885. He studied law at Columbia Law School, and planned to take over his father's law firm in New York City. Be he lacked his father's work ethic and he withdrew from law school before he completed his studies. In 1887, he sailed to Europe and stayed there for nearly 13 years. His was able to travel every major European city in luxury due to his inheritance from his father. He befriended Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales, who called Arthur "the perfect pattern of an Edwardian gentleman and of a Europeanized American." Contemporary accounts described Arthur as "tall, handsome and athletic." While in Europe it is said that he cultivated the company of "female admirers", good cuisine, and horses, particularly "driving horse-drawn carriages throughout the French countryside." By this time, he preferred to be called Alan. He lobbied to become Ambassador to the Netherlands in 1897, but was unsuccessful.

Chester Alan Arthur II married wealthy divorcée Myra Townsend Fithian Andrews on May 10, 1900 at the English American Episcopal Church and at a civil ceremony in Vevey, Switzerland. The couple returned to the United States later that year and bought a home in Colorado Springs, Colorado. They also kept a residence in Europe. The move to Colorado was made for health reasons. By this time, he was suffering from asthma and bronchitis. The couple's son, Chester Alan Arthur III, was born March 21, 1901. They also had a daughter, named Ellen for Arthur's mother and sister, but she died shortly after birth.

The couple lived on income from their mutual investments, which including Arthur's interest in the 250,000 acre cattle ranch, Trinchera Estate. In addition to raising cattle, his company mined gold, cut timber, and created a game park reserve for antelope, elk, and bison. Arthur's health improved in the Colorado climate. He became president of Cheyenne Mountain Country Club between 1905 and 1908. He also provided funding for facilities at the club. Polo became a favored sport as the result of top polo players to the area. As Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt came to Colorado Springs in 1901, he had dinner at the Arthur's home, Edgeplain, and attended a polo match during his visit.



Myra and Chester Arthur II divorced in 1927 due to his infidelity, drinking and partying. Myra learned that her husband has been having an affair in 1909. She decided to remain in the marriage for the sake of her son. The couple reconciled, but had a rocky marriage until they divorced. Arthur married Rowena Dashwood Graves in 1934. At the time she was 39 and he was 70 years of age.

Arthur died on July 18, 1937 in Colorado Springs. An obituary describe Arthur as an "internationally known sportsman, art connoisseur and son of the late President Chester Arthur." His wife Rowena died in 1969.

His son, Chester Alan Arthur III (known as Gavin) rejected the elegant lifestyle and pursued political and social issues instead. In 1930, he founded the magazine, Dune Forum, which promoted communication between the masses and intellectual elite. He was a member of the Utopian Society of America with John Updike, and in the 1950s he taught at San Quentin State Prison. By the late 1950s, he moved to San Francisco and was part of the Beat Movement. He was a friend of poet Alan Ginsberg. In 1966, he wrote The Circle of Sex, a book about gay, bisexual, and gender issues in astrology. At the end of his life, in 1972, he was a was an advocate for gay rights. He identified as bisexual. He had been married to three women. He was the last living descendant of President Chester Alan Arthur.

Presidents' Children: Herbert Hoover Jr.

Herbert Hoover, Jr. technically wasn't a "Jr.", but he was a chip off the old block. Like his father, he also was a successful engineer, businessman, and politician. Although his public service never rose to presidential levels, he did serve as United States Under Secretary of State from 1954 to 1957 during the Eisenhower administration.



Herbert Charles Hoover was born in London on August 4, 1903, at a time when his father was working there for the engineering firm of Bewick, Moreing & Co. He was the oldest child and the eldest of two sons of Herbert Clark Hoover and Lou Henry Hoover. (The Hoovers did not have any other children). He was named for his father, Herbert, and his maternal grandfather, Charles Delano Henry, but throughout his life he became known as Herbert Hoover, Jr.

As a child, the young man had traveled more than most adults. By the age of two, Herbert Jr. had been around the world twice. He later said that one of his earliest memories was riding a wagon piled high with gold with his father in Australia.

The family lived near Stanford University while he was growing up, and as a boy he was the water boy for the Stanford Indians football team. During the 1918 flu pandemic, he contracted influenza, which left him with a hearing impairment that affected him for the rest of his life. At age 14, Herbert Hoover Jr. began his life-long interest in "ham" radio. After high school, he attended Stanford, his parents' alma mater, where he graduated with a degree in general engineering in 1925. He later studied at the Harvard Business School, and later he won a fellowship from the Daniel Guggenheim Fund to study aviation economics. His area of study and expertise was on the economics of radio in the aviation sector.

In 1928, Herbert Hoover Jr. was hired by Western Air Express to set up its communications system. He oversaw the building of a network of stations across the western United States that was capable of guiding radio-equipped aircraft along 15,000 miles of airways. He became communications chief of Western Air Express, where he managed a staff of 75 engineers. The company bought over $200,000 of radio equipment, a princely sum during the depression era. In June 1930, he was promoted to chief engineer of Western Air Express. He was headquartered at Alhambra, California. In 1929, Western Air Express, Boeing and American Airways formed a non-profit corporation, Aeronautical Radio Inc. to serve as the airline industry’s single licensee and coordinator of radio communication outside of the government. Hoover was selected as that company's first president.

During the 1930 mid-term elections, rumors surfaced that Western Air Express had won government contracts because of Hoover's status as the president's son. His critics said that his rapid career rise was due to his famous name and not his talent. Hoover answered these allegations by submitting his letter of resignation. But before he could engage in another business venture, he was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and he spent 1931 convalescing, first at Rapidan Cam in Virginia, and then at Asheville, North Carolina. After his convalescence, he briefly returned to the airline, before teaching business economics to aeronautical engineering students at the California Institute of Technology. It was during this time that he and his brother Allan also purchased the Herbert Hoover Birthplace in West Branch, Iowa.

Hoover next turned his attention to the field of exploration geophysics. In that field he used radio to prospect for oil. In 1935 he founded a company known as United Geophysical, headquartered in Pasadena, California, and by 1939 the company had 200 employees working in five labs, working on exploring for oil by seismology. In 1937, he founded another related company, Consolidated Engineering Corporation, which focused on instrument manufacturing.

When the second world war began, Hoover's hearing impairment made him ineligible to serve in the United States armed forces. In 1943, Venezuelan President Isaías Medina Angarita invited Hoover to consult with the Venezuelan government and advise them on the negotiation of oil contracts with foreign governments. While there, Hoover also supervised the rewriting of Venezuela's oil laws. The new laws have been described as a model for other countries in the years to come.

In 1944, the new Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, hired Hoover's company to advise the government of Iran in the negotiation of new oil concessions. At the time, the only oil company operating in Iran was the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, operating under the terms of the D'Arcy Concession, as renegotiated in 1933. After the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran, Standard Oil, the Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, the Sinclair Oil Corporation, Royal Dutch Shell, and the Soviet Union all sought access to the Iranian oil fields. Hoover provided the Iranian government with technical advice about the size of their oil reserves and assisted the Iranian government in its subsequent negotiations.

His company United Geophysical was later bought by Union Oil. Hoover stayed on as president of the company. His company Consolidated Engineering went public in 1945 and Hoover sold all of his stock at that time.

After the 1953 Iranian coup in September 1953, President Dwight Eisenhower asked Hoover to travel to Iran as his special envoy to attempt to broker a deal between the U.S., Britain and Iran. Hoover remained in Tehran for eleven months. He ultimately negotiated out a deal in August 1954, in which the National Iranian Oil Company became a consortium owned 40% by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company; 40% to be divided equally (8% each) among the five major American companies. British Petroleum had a 40% share; Royal Dutch Shell had a 14% share and the Compagnie Française des Pétroles, a French Company, to received a 6% share. Iran got now 25% of the profits compared to 20% of the original treaty with the AIOC. Officials at the United States Department of State praised Hoover for these negotiations.

Eisenhower was also impressed by Hoover's performance and he asked Hoover to serve as Under Secretary of State. Hoover agreed and, after Senate confirmation, he serve in that office from October 4, 1954 until February 5, 1957. Hoover's hearing impairment led many to believe that he was gruff and he developed a reputation as indecisive and as a perfectionist. Because of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' frequent illnesses, Hoover was often Acting Secretary of State. In this capacity made two decisions considered by some historians as serious mistakes. He rejected a Chinese overture in April 1955 to negotiate agreements that could prevent war between the two countries. Later that year, he was criticized for his indecision as to whether to ship 18 tanks to Saudi Arabia over the objections of Israel.



Hoover remained active as an amateur radio enthusiast and operator throughout his life. He was elected as President of the American Radio Relay League in 1962.

Herbert Hoover Jr. never married. He died at his apartment in Pasadena on July 9, 1969 after a massive stroke. He had suffered a sudden stroke three days earlier on July 6 and never regained consciousness.
Life must have been challenging for Russell Benjamin Harrison. He was the son of one president (his parents were Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd President of the United States, and his first wife, Caroline Scott Harrison) and his great-grandfather was William Henry Harrison, the 9th President. Although he never became president, Russell Harrison did follow in some of his famous father's footsteps.

He was born in Oxford, Butler County Ohio, on August 12, 1854, and he grew up in Indianapolis, Indiana, where his father had a successful law practice. His father had risen to the rank of Brigadier General in the Civil War, and Russell Harrison also obtained some military experience. He graduated from Pennsylvania Military Academy, at Chester, Pennsylvania, and went on to attend and graduate from from Lafayette College, at Easton, Pennsylvania in 1877, where he specialized in mining and engineering.



Russell Harrison's gained some public notoriety in in 1878, after the body of his grandfather, John Scott Harrison (son of President William Henry Harrison and father of Benjamin) had been stolen from its grave. A subsequent search located the body hanging by the neck in a well at Ohio Medical College, ready for dissection. Russell Harrison announced the discovery to the press and represented the Harrison family in answering all press inquiries.

Shortly after this gruesome event, Harrison moved to Helena, Montana, where he ran the U.S. Assay Office from 1878 to 1885. His father was a US Senator at the time. While there, he was consulted with by Secretary of the Treasury John Sherman on the subject of resuming specie payments on greenbacks in 1879. Montana brought him both good and bad fortune. On the negative side, while he was there he engaged in what one biographer describes as "some ill-conceived ventures in cattle and mining enterprises which resulted in catastrophe" in 1886. A major scandal was averted by the intervention of his father. Benjamin Harrison was quite upset with Russell for his ill-fated attempts at speculation.

On the positive site, it was in Montana where Russell met (and later married on January 10, 1884) his wife, the former Mary A. Saunders. Her father Alvin Saunders, had been Territorial Governor of Nebraska under President Lincoln and a Senator from Nebraska (1877-1883). They had two children William Henry and Marthena.

In 1885 the family moved briefly to New York City, but they returned to Montana in 1890. Russell Harrison purchased the Helena Daily Journal. His investing skills improved by this time. He invested in the Austin and Northwestern Railway, and in public transportation systems in Richmond and Muncie, Indiana. He also continued to engage in land speculation in Montana.

In 1894, he moved to Terre Haute, Indiana where he served as president of the Terre Haute Street Railway Company, a company that he reorganized into the Terre Haute Electric Street Railway Company. His son William was born in Terre Haute in 1896. It was during the late 1890s, that he was admitted to the bar. He was also involved in projects concerning the Austin and Northwestern Railway in Texas, and served as secretary of the Montana Stock Growers Association. He participated in his father's presidential campaigns of 1888 and 1892.

During his father's presidency, he attracted further scandal when he was arrested in a civil lawsuit for libel brought by John Schuyler Crosby, former Territorial Governor of Montana, a month after his father's inauguration in 1888. In 1892 he once again attracted negative publicity for his father after he made a remark concerning the mental condition of James G. Blaine, his father's Secretary of State and rival for the 1892 presidential nomination.

When war broke out with Spain in 1898, Russell Harrison volunteered, and was commissioned a major on the staff of Gen. Fitzhugh Lee. He was made inspector general of Puerto Rico, with the rank of colonel. In December of 1900, he was discharged from the army and he moved his family to Indianapolis where he set up a law office.

Toward the end of his father's life, he became estranged from his father, after Benjamin Harrison after the 62 year old former President's second marriage to Mary Scott Lord Dimmick, the widowed 37-year- old niece and former secretary to Russell's mother. In spite of this, Russell inherited a large part of his father's estate when the former president died in 1901.

Some time after his father's death, Russell Harrison separated from his wife and lived at the Columbia Club and then the Denison Hotel. From 1908 to 1927 he served as consul for Mexico and from 1919 to 1927 as consul for Portugal as well. In 1921 at the age of 67, he was elected to a term in the Indiana legislature and later to two terms in the State Senate. In both bodies he became chairman of the judiciary committee. During an investigation in 1927, he claimed that money used to buy six gold medals for past commanders of the Indiana Department of Spanish-American War Veterans had been improperly assessed. He was cited for court-martial for malicious slander by the national body of that organization, but was exonerated.

Russell Harrison died in Indianapolis of heart problems on December 13, 1936 at the age of 82.

Presidents' Children: Calvin Coolidge Jr.

One of the most tragic occurrences to happen to a First Family was the death of 16 year old Calvin Coolidge Jr. on July 7, 1924. The young man's death was the result of an unlikely and freakish set of circumstances: he died from an infected blister that he got from playing tennis. He died three days after his father's 52nd birthday, and in the midst of the presidential election campaign of 1924. It caused a profound and deep sadness that Coolidge would carry for the rest of his presidency.



Calvin Coolidge Jr. was born on April 13, 1908, the second son of Calvin and Grace Coolidge. The Coolidges' older son John was born on September 7, 1906. Calvin was said to have a strong resemblance to his father both in appearance and wit. He was described as very studious and he read a great deal, but he also had inherited much of his mother's good humor, and was often the source of good-natured pranks. He was also said to be very humble. For example, although his father was Vice-President at the time, he took a job working on a tobacco farm for $3.50 a day. It was there, in August of 1923, that he learned from his employer that President Warren G. Harding had died and that Calvin Jr.'s father was now President. According to one anecdote, when Calvin Jr. learned the news, he told his boss "Yes, I suppose he is. In which one of the sheds do you want me to work this morning, Mr. Day?"

Calvin Coolidge Jr. picked up a nasty blister that had formed on a toe of his right foot during a competitive game of tennis he had with his older brother John on the White House tennis court. According to accounts, he didn't say anything about it at first, but the next day he awoke with a stiff and painful leg. A doctor was called, and his examination revealed that a septic infection had spread to Calvin's bloodstream and throughout his body. Today the infection would be easily treated with antibiotics, but in 1924, such infection-fighting drugs had not yet been discovered. Over the next few days, seven doctors tried a variety of treatments that included pumping the boy's stomach, blood transfusions, an operation, and other methods in a desperate attempt to save Calvin Jr.'s life, but his condition just got worse.

By July 7, Calvin Jr. became delirious. As the end neared, his body began to relax. His last words are said to be "I surrender," and he lapsed into a coma. Four hours later, at 10:30 p.m., he died. A headline in the New York Times on July 8, 1924, described Calvin and Grace Coolidge as "worn out" from their "long vigil."

Calvin Jr.'s illness and death were national news and a grieving nation sent its condolences to the First Family. An honor guard of six Marines and six sailors stood beside Calvin Jr.'s body as it lay in state in the East Room of the White House. The service was described in one newspaper as "simple but impressive." Calvin Jr. had been a member of the Boy Scouts of America, who had a noticeable presence at the service.

A funeral train carried the boy's body to Plymouth Notch, Vermont, where six Marines in the honor guard, accompanied by Boy Scouts, carried the casket to the grave site. A minister read Psalm 23 ("the Lord is my shepherd") and spoke at the burial, describing Calvin Jr. as being "what was most wholesome and best in the American boy".

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Years later, when Calvin Coolidge wrote his autobiography, typical of him, he said little about the controversial subjects of his presidency. But there was one issue on which Calvin Coolidge let down his guard and provided some insight into his innermost thought, that being on the death of his son Calvin Jr. Of his son, Coolidge wrote:

"He was a boy of much promise, proficient in his studies, with a scholarly mind, who had just turned sixteen. He had a remarkable insight into things. The day I became president he had just started to work in a tobacco field. When one of his fellow laborers said to him 'If my father was President I would not work in a tobacco field', Calvin replied 'If my father were your father you would'... If I had not been President, he would not have raised a blister on his toe, which resulted in blood poisoning, playing tennis in the south grounds. In his suffering he was asking me to make him well. I could not. When he went, the power and the glory of the Presidency went with him. The ways of Providence are often beyond our understanding. It seemed to me that the world had need of the work that it was probable he could do. I do not know why such a price was exacted for occupying the White House... It costs a great deal to be President."

Presidents' Children: Susan Ford

First Lady Betty Ford was famous, among other things, for her admission of a personal problem with alcoholism and prescription drug abuse. Following her recovery, she established the Betty Ford Center in Rancho Mirage, California, and was actively involved in its operation throughout most of the remainder of her life. In 2005 she passed on the chair of the center's board of directors to her only daughter and youngest child, Susan.

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Susan Elizabeth Ford Bales was born on July 6, 1957 in Washington, D.C. Her parents are former President Gerald Ford and former First Lady Betty Ford. Throughout her childhood her father served in Congress until he became Vice-President in December of 1973 and President in August of 1974. Her father that two attempts made on his life as President, and Susan was also one of three people who were targets for violence by the Symbionese Liberation Army. Because of this she had enhanced Secret Service protection.

She attended high school at the Holton-Arms School in Bethesda, Maryland, and was able to convince her parents to hold her senior prom for the class of 1975 in the East Room of the White House. During that part of her father's Presidency when her mother was hospitalized for breast cancer, she filled in for her mother as White House hostess.

Susan Ford enrolled in Mount Vernon College for Women in northwest Washington, D.C. in 1975, while her father was still in the White House. She later transferred to the University of Kansas.

On February 10, 1979 she married Charles Vance, one of her father's former U.S. Secret Service agents. The couple operated a private security company in Washington. They had two daughters, Tyne Mary (born 1980) and Heather Elizabeth (born 1983). They were divorced in 1988. Ford remarried on July 25, 1989 to attorney Vaden Bales. She and her husband Vaden lived in Tulsa, Oklahoma, after their marriage. In 1997 they moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico, where they lived for nearly 12 years before returning to Tulsa in 2009.

After her second marriage, Susan Ford Bales trained as a photographer. She worked as a photojournalist for the Associated Press, Newsweek, Money Magazine, Ladies Home Journal, the Topeka Capital-Journal, the Omaha Sun and also did freelance work. She was hired to shoot publicity stills for the film Jaws 2.

In 1992 Susan Ford Bales became a member of the board of the Betty Ford Center. In 2005 her mother, then aged 87, resigned as chair of the organization and Susan succeeded her mother, who remained as a board member. In her mother's autobiography entitled "Betty – A Glad Awakening", her mother credits Susan with having orchestrated her successful intervention in 1982 after the Ford family became concerned with her drinking, addictions and behavior. In 1984, Susan and her mother, Betty Ford, helped launch National Breast Cancer Awareness Month with a joint appearance in an ad campaign.

Susan Ford Bales has authored a number of books. In 2002, she and Laura Hayden co-wrote a novel entitled Double Exposure: A First Daughter Mystery. It had a contemporary White House setting. In 2005 a sequel was published, entitled Sharp Focus.

In addition to her responsibilities at the Betty Ford Center, Susan Ford Bales has been very active on behalf of her family at numerous events. During the December 26, 2006 – January 3, 2007 state funeral services and ceremonies for her father, she represented the family at a number of events, attending each of the services and ceremonies with her mother. She personally greeted mourners while President Ford's casket lay-in-state on the Lincoln Catafalque in the Capital Rotunda and during the public repose at the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan. She read a passage from the Letter of James during her father's funeral service at the Washington National Cathedral, and her daughter Tyne Berlanga offered one of the Prayers during the funeral service at Grace Church in Grand Rapids. On January 1, she assisted her mother in receiving dignitaries and other official visitors who had come to Blair House to pay their personal respects.

On January 16, 2007, Susan Ford Bales spoke at the Pentagon at a Naming Ceremony for the aircraft carrier CVN-78, then under construction, was officially named the USS Gerald R. Ford. On November 14, 2009, she participated in the keel laying for the ship. On November 9, 2013, she christened the Gerald R. Ford with a bottle of champagne.



On June 11, 2007, she delivered remarks in Washington, D.C. at the ceremony unveiling the U.S. Postal Service's image of the commemorative stamp honoring her father. In July 2007, she represented her mother at the funeral service of former First Lady Lady Bird Johnson. Also in July 2007, she and her husband Vaden Bales represented Mrs. Ford and the Ford family at the naming of the Gerald R. Ford Post Office in Vail, Colorado.

In 2010, at age 53 Susan Ford Bales went into sudden cardiac arrest while exercising on an elliptical machine. She had no prior medical history of her having heart disease. She later said that she was fortunate that a surgeon was present in the gym at the time of the incident. She was revived with the use of a defibrillator. After her recovery, she was given a heart stent and pacemaker. She spoke of the experience on June 4, 2013 at the American Heart Association's Heart Ball in Grand Rapids.

Presidents' Children: James Roosevelt

Although he was never able to rise to the level of prominence as his famous father, an very high bar, James Roosevelt had a distinguished career as a marine, a congressman and a businessman. He was a strong support for his father, literally, as the disabled president frequently leaned on his son's arm to hide his infirmity in public settings.



James Roosevelt was born at 125 East 36th Street in New York City on December 23, 1907, the second child and oldest son of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt. He attended Potomac School and the National Cathedral School in Washington, D.C., and Groton School in Massachusetts. At Groton, he participated in rowing and played football. He was also a prefect in his senior year. After graduation in 1926, he attended Harvard University, where he rowed with the freshman and junior varsity crews. At Harvard, he continued his family traditions by joining the Signet Society and the Hasty Pudding Club, of which both his father, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and his cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt, had been members. He graduated from Harvard University in 1930.

After graduation, Roosevelt enrolled in the Boston University School of Law. He also took a sales job with Boston insurance agent Victor De Gerard, where he was so successful that within a year, he abandoned his law studies. In 1932 he started his own insurance agency, Roosevelt and Sargent, in partnership with John A. Sargent. As president of Roosevelt & Sargent, he did very well financially. He resigned from the firm in 1937, when he officially went to work in the White House, but retained half ownership in the firm.

After Franklin Delano Roosevelt was stricken with polio, James served, in his words, as his father's "page and prop". He became active in Democratic Party politics and in 1928, he campaigned for Democratic Presidential nominee Al Smith. In 1932, he ran his father's campaign in Massachusetts campaign and he made about two hundred campaign speeches for his father during the campaign. FDR easily carried Massachusetts in the November election. James Roosevelt allocated patronage positions in Massachusetts along with Boston mayor James Curley. He also worked with Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. in a number of business interests including whiskey imports. James was instrumental in securing Joe Kennedy's appointment as ambassador to the Court of St. James.

In April 1936, FDR's Presidential Secretary Louis Howe died. James Roosevelt unofficially took over some of Howe's duties. In November 1936, just after the 1936 election, James Roosevelt was given a direct commission as a lieutenant colonel in the Marine Corps. His appointment to a high rank caused public controversy. He accompanied his father to the Inter-American Conference at Buenos Aires in December as a military aide. On January 6, 1937, he was appointed administrative assistant to the President and on July 1, 1937, his title became Secretary to the President. He also became White House coordinator for eighteen federal agencies in October 1937. Time magazine called him the "Assistant President of the United States".

In July 1938, it was alleged that James Roosevelt had used his political position to steer lucrative business to his insurance firm. He disclosed his income tax returns and denied the allegations in an NBC broadcast and in an interview in Collier's magazine. Roosevelt resigned from his White House position in November 1938.

After leaving the White House, Roosevelt moved to Hollywood, California, where he accepted a job as a $750/week administrative assistant for motion picture producer Samuel Goldwyn. In 1939 he set up "Globe Productions", a company to produce short films for penny arcades. During his Hollywood period, James Roosevelt became closely involved with Joseph Schenck, the movie mogul who funneled money from organized crime to the Democratic Party. When Schenck was convicted and sentenced to jail, James urged his father to pardon Schenck, but FDR's Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr. convinced the President not to do so.

In October 1939, after World War II broke out in Europe, Roosevelt resigned the lieutenant colonel's commission he had been given in 1936. He was commissioned as a captain in the Marine Corps Reserve. In November 1940, he went on active duty. In April 1941, President Roosevelt sent James on a secret diplomatic mission to assure numerous governments that the United States would soon be in the war. James met with a number of world leaders including Chiang Kai-shek, King Farouk of Egypt, and King George of Greece. During this trip, James came under German air attack on two occasions.

In August 1941, he joined the staff of William J. "Wild Bill" Donovan, Coordinator of Information, and was given the job of working out the exchange of information with other agencies. After Japan's Attack on Pearl Harbor, James Roosevelt requested assignment to combat duty. He transferred to the Marine Raiders, the Marines' commando force, and became second-in-command of the 2nd Raider Battalion. Roosevelt served with the 2nd Raiders at Midway, and in the Makin Island raid, where he was awarded the Navy Cross. He was given command of the new 4th Raiders, but was sidelined with health problems in February 1943. He served in various staff positions during the rest of the war. In November 1943, he accompanied Army troops in the invasion of Makin, and was awarded the Silver Star by the Army. He was released from active duty in October 1945, with rank of colonel. He continued in the Marine Corps Reserve, and retired on October 1, 1959 as a brigadier general. Roosevelt suffered from flat feet, and while other Marines were required to wear boots, he was allowed to wear sneakers.



After the war, Roosevelt returned to live in California. He rejoined the firm of Roosevelt and Sargent as an executive vice president, and established the company's office in Los Angeles. In 1946 he became chairman of the board of Roosevelt and Haines, successor to Roosevelt and Sargent. He later became president of Roosevelt and Company, Inc. On July 21, 1946, Roosevelt became chairman of the California State Democratic Central Committee. He began making daily radio broadcasts of political commentary. Like his brother Elliott, James Roosevelt was a leader in the movement to draft Dwight Eisenhower as the Democratic candidate for President in 1948. When President Truman was renominated instead, Roosevelt stepped down as state chairman on August 8. He remained a Democratic National Committeeman until 1952.

In 1950, Roosevelt ran as the Democratic candidate for Governor of California. He lost to Republican incumbent Earl Warren by almost 30% of the votes.

In 1954, Roosevelt was elected U.S. Representative from California's 26th congressional district, a safe Democratic district. James won the election in spite of the scandal surrounding his divorce from his second wife, Romelle Schneider. He admitted to numerous extramarital affairs that his wife had used to blackmail him, dating back to his father's presidency. Despite the mores of the day, James was re-elected to five additional terms and served from 1955 to 1965. He resigned during his sixth term. As a congressman, James Roosevelt was one of the first politicians to denounce the tactics of Senator Joseph McCarthy. He was also the only Representative to vote against appropriating funds for the House Un-American Activities Committee.

In April 1965, Roosevelt ran for Mayor of Los Angeles, challenging incumbent Sam Yorty, but lost in the primary.

He resigned from Congress in October 1965, 10 months into his sixth term, when President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him a delegate to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Roosevelt resigned from UNESCO in December 1966, and retired to become an executive of the Investors Overseas Service (IOS) in Geneva, Switzerland. He joined IOS despite the firm's concurrent investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission for irregularities.

In May 1969 in Geneva, James's third wife, Irene Owens, stabbed him eight times with his own Marine combat knife. The couple were in the midst of divorce proceedings at time. He survived the attack and recovered from his wounds.

When controversial fugitive financier Robert Vesco obtained control of IOS and absconded with approximately $200 million, Roosevelt initially stayed on with the firm. James later wrote :As soon as I saw the situation for what it was, in 1971, I resigned my position." Charges were laid against Roosevelt and several others in Switzerland. Roosevelt returned to California, settling in Newport Beach. The charges against him were later dropped.

Despite having been a liberal Democrat all of his life, James Roosevelt joined Democrats for Nixon and publicly supported President Richard Nixon's re-election in 1972. He also supported Ronald Reagan in 1980 and 1984.

James Roosevelt wrote a number of books about his parents and his life. These included Affectionately, FDR (with Sidney Shalett, 1959) and My Parents, a Differing View (with Bill Libby, 1976). The latter was written in part as a response to his brother Elliott Roosevelt's book An Untold Story, which told of FDR's marital issues.

In the 1980s, a non-profit organization established by Roosevelt, the National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare, and its associated political action committee, was investigated by the House Ways and Means Committee for questionable fundraising practices, and by the U.S. Post Office for mail fraud. By direct mail, Roosevelt's group solicited contributions from elderly persons by claiming that Social Security and Medicare programs were in financial jeopardy. Roosevelt also urged contributors to order their Social Security statements of earnings from his group. He did not advise those he solicited that the statements could be obtained for free from the government.

James Roosevelt was married four times. His first marriage was to philanthropist Betsey Maria Cushing. They had two daughters before divorcing in 1940. His second wife was his nurse Romelle Theresa Schneider whom he married in 1941. They had two sons and one daughter. In 1956 he married Gladys Irene Owens his receptionist. They had one son together. He married his fourth wife, Mary Winskill, teacher to his youngest son "Del," in 1969. They had one daughter. He was father to the following children:

Sara Delano Roosevelt (born March 13, 1932)
Kate Roosevelt (born February 16, 1936)
James Roosevelt III (born November 9, 1945)
Michael Anthony Roosevelt (born December 7, 1946)
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (born January 10, 1948)
Hall Delano "Del" Roosevelt (born June 27, 1959)
Rebecca Mary Roosevelt (born April 12, 1971)

James R.jpg

James Roosevelt died in Newport Beach, California in 1991 of complications arising from a stroke and from Parkinson's disease. He was 83 and was the last surviving child of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt.
When Richard Nixon was Vice-President during the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower, Nixon showed considerable loyalty to his leader, something not always reciprocated. It would be natural for Nixon to feel some resentment towards Eisenhower when, during the 1960 election campaign, Eisenhower was asked by reporter Charles Mohr of Time Magazine if Eisenhower could give an example of a major idea of Nixon's that he had heeded. Eisenhower responded with the flip comment, "If you give me a week, I might think of one." Although both Eisenhower and Nixon later claimed that he was merely joking with the reporter, the remark hurt Nixon during the campaign. But despite this tension, the Eisenhower and Nixon families were joined together on December 22, 1968, when Nixon's daughter Julie married Eisenhower's grandson David.



Julie Nixon was born on July 5, 1948 in Washington, DC, while her father Richard Nixon was a Congressman. During her childhood, her father served as Dwight Eisenhower's Vice-President from 1953 to 1961. She described her parents differently, calling her father a "romantic", while her mother was "practical and down to earth". Her mother, first lady Pat Nixon, tried to shelter her and her sister Tricia from media scrutiny. Pat Nixon recalled a cute story about Julie crying during the celebration for her father's and President Eisenhower's second inauguration, because the child thought it was not fair that the grandchildren of the President could play in the White House while she and her sister could not. After Mamie Eisenhower learned of this, the First Lady invited the two Nixon daughters to play with her grandchildren. At the second inauguration, Julie was sporting a black eye she had acquired in a sledding accident.To hide her eye in a photograph that was being taken, she turned her head towards her future husband David, which made it appear that he had been staring directly at her.



Julie's grandmother Hannah Nixon would look after her and her sister whenever her parents traveled. As a child, one of her favorite pets was a small dog named Checkers, given to the family as a gift. During the 1952 election campaign, Checkers became the subject of her father's most famous vice-presidential speech. As a teenager, she attended the private Sidwell Friends School in Washington along with her sister, Tricia. Julie left school in 1961, after her father lost his presidential bid in 1960, and the family returned to California where her father ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1962. At her father spoke to reporters at what was supposed to be his "last press conference", she was waiting in a hallway with her mother and sister.

The Nixons moved to New York after the 1962 election, and Julie attended Brown University after her graduation from the Chapin School. She received a master's degree from New York University in 1972. David Eisenhower attended Amherst College nearby. Julie and David, who knew one another as children, rekindled their friendship when David visited Julie with his roommate from Amherst and took her and a friend out to get some ice cream. David later recalled: "I was broke, my roommate forgot his wallet. The girls paid."

The couple began dating in 1966, and became engaged a year later. Both Julie and David later said that Mamie Eisenhower played a major part in their relationship. In 1966 Julie mentioned to Mrs. Eisenhower that she would be attending Brown University. Mamie told her of David's plans to go to Amherst College, and began some behind the scenes match-making. On Julie's nineteenth birthday, David flew to Key Biscayne, Florida, the home of her father during his stay in office, to be with her and her family. David did not tell his grandfather, former president Eisenhower, about the trip nor about the time when Julie visited him in Chicago, Illinois while he was working as a trainee at Sears.

During the United States presidential election of 1968, Julie was concerned that she was not active enough in her father's campaign. She took an active role in his campaign, and shook hands for hours while greeting people. Although she disliked the publicity and hated to answer personal questions, she was committed to her father's election.

On December 22, 1968, after her father was elected president but before he took office, the couple were married. The Reverend Norman Vincent Peale officiated in the non-denominational ceremony at the Marble Collegiate Church in New York City. The couple left from Massachusetts in 1970 and their classes there were canceled after the Kent State shootings. After her father resigned from office, the two lived in California near Julie's parents. Later they moved to a suburb of Philadelphia.

The couple have three children: 1) Jennie Elizabeth (born in San Clemente, California on August 15, 1978), an actress; 2) Alex Richard (born in 1980) and Melanie Catherine (born in 1984).

Her father served as President from 1969 until his resignation in August of 1974. Julie became a spokesperson for children's issues, the environment, and on issues affecting the elderly. She gave tours to children with disabilities and filled in for her mother at events. From 1973 to 1975, she served as Assistant Managing Editor of the Saturday Evening Post and helped establish a book division for Curtis Publishing Co., its parent corporation. During this time she wrote a book entitled Eye On Nixon, full of photographs of her father. At her graduation from Brown University, President Nixon opted not to attend it given the possibility of antiwar demonstrations and violence.

She once appeared on The Mike Douglas Show in 1970, and was asked what she thought about the new fad called "streaking." She humorously responded, "I don't know how they can come off like that!"

After the news of the Watergate break-in and suspicions that it might reach as high as the oval office began to mount, Julie defended her her father to members of the media, while her mother kept silent about the scandal. Her public defense of her father began at Walt Disney World on May 2, 1973. She gave a total of 138 interviews across the country. In the summer of 1973, she and David went to London where Julie appeared on the BBC. Journalist George Will once observed: "Anyone thinking that Nixon deserved a better fate from Watergate should remember his silence as his brave daughter Julie crisscrossed the country defending him against charges he knew to be true." On July 4, 1973, she told two reporters that her father had considered resigning over Watergate, but that the family had talked him out of it.

On February 14, 1974, Julie underwent a 44-minute surgery to stop internal bleeding from an ovarian cyst. On May 7, 1974, Julie and David met with the press in the East Garden of the White House. She announced that the President planned "to take this constitutionally down to the wire." But just before noon on August 9, 1974, Julie stood behind her father while he gave his goodbye speech to the White House staff. She would later say it was the hardest moment for him.

Julie and David settled in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, where she completed several books, including a biography of her mother entitled Pat Nixon: The Untold Story. She has been very active in community organizations in the Philadelphia area and is also active with the Richard Nixon Foundation, sitting on its board, as well as that of the Center for the National Interest (formerly known as the Nixon Center).

She, along with her sister and father, was with her mother when Pat Nixon died of lung cancer on June 22, 1993. Four days later, on June 26, 1993, she attended her mother's funeral service on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library in Yorba Linda. Ten months later, she was by her father's bedside with her sister Patricia when he died. She attended her father's funeral on April 27, 1994.

She has been critical of a number of subsequent portrayals of her father's presidency, including Oliver Stone's film "Nixon", an adaptation of her father's presidency.

She and her sister Tricia Cox got into a legal battle over a large bequest possibly as high as $19 million, left by Nixon's friend Bebe Rebozo for the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace Foundation. Tricia wanted the money to be controlled by a group affiliated with their family, while Julie wanted it to be controlled by the library's board. The incident strained the sisters' relationship. Julie said "It's very heartbreaking because I love my sister very much". On August 6, 2002, Julie met with her sister for a court-ordered meeting. Despite the two meeting for most of the day, they failed to make an agreement.

Julie Nixon was reported to have given $2,300 to the 2008 Obama presidential campaign, despite her and her husband's and father's Republican background. Her sister Tricia Nixon Cox's gave $4,600 in 2007 to Republican Senator John McCain, who ultimately ran against then Senator Obama for the presidency in 2008. In 2012, however, she contributed to the presidential campaign of Republican Mitt Romney.



In 2010, she and her husband David co-authored Going Home to Glory: A Memoir of Life with Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1961–1969, a biography of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's final years after he left the White House. On March 16, 2012, she and her sister arrived in Yorba Linda to celebrate what would have been their mother's 100th birthday. On November 23, 2013, She and her husband opened a holiday exhibit for the Nixon Library, which remained there until January 5, 2014.
On November 19, 1834, Franklin Pierce, then a member of the United States House of Representatives, married Jane Means Appleton, the daughter of Jesse Appleton, a Congregational minister and former president of Bowdoin College, and his wife Elizabeth Means. The Appletons were prominent Whigs, while the Pierce family were Democrats. Jane was very shy and devoutly religious. She was also pro-temperance, a hugely incompatible trait compared to her husband, who enjoyed his alcohol. She encouraging him to abstain, and for a time, he was able to show some restraint in this regard. Jane was constantly ill from tuberculosis and was frequently depressed. She abhorred politics and especially disliked Washington, D.C., creating a tension that would continue throughout their marriage and throughout her husband's political rise.

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The Pierces had three sons, and sadly, all three of whom died in childhood. Their oldest son, Franklin, Jr., died on February 5, 1836, just three days after he was born. Their second son Frank Robert (born August 27, 1839) died on November 14, 1843 at the age of four from typhoid fever.

With the loss of her first two children, Jane Pierce became especially devoted to her third child, Benjamin, born April 13, 1841, known as "Benny". Benny's childhood was said to be the happiest period of the Pierces' lives. By many accounts, he was a very sweet child who was doted on by his parents, especially by his mother.

Jane Pierce was unhappy when her husband was nominated as the Democratic candidate for President. She expressed her opposition to his decision to run for president, and saw this as a form of vanity that was offensive to her Creator.

Pierce was elected President in November of 1852, and the family planned its move to Washington, much to Jane's unhappiness. On January 6, 1853, the Pierce family were traveling from Boston to Washington by train, when suddenly a tragic accident occurred. The rail car they were traveling in derailed and rolled down an embankment near Andover, Massachusetts. Franklin and Jane Pierce survived the incident with little injury, but in the wreckage they found 11-year-old Benny crushed to death, his body nearly decapitated. Pierce was unable to prevent his wife from seeing the gruesome sight.

As would be expected, both parents suffered severe extreme depression as the result of the incident, and it must have adversely affected Pierce's performance as president. Jane Pierce told close friends that she believed that the train accident was God's punishment for her husband's vane pursuit and acceptance of high office. She wrote a lengthy letter of apology to Benny for her failings as a mother. Her intense grief prevented her from performing her duties as first lady and she avoided social functions for much of her husband's term as president. For nearly two years, she remained in the upstairs living quarters of the White House, spending her days writing maudlin letters to her dead son. She did not appear at a public function until a public reception held at the White House on New Year's Day, 1855. Varina Davis, the wife of Jefferson Davis (who was then Secretary of War in Pierce's cabinet, and a close friend of Pierce's) filled in for Jane Pierce by performing many of the first lady's duties as hostess at the White House.

Jane Pierce did not attend her husband's inauguration. Franklin Pierce chose to affirm his Presidential oath of office on a law book rather than swear it on a Bible and in his inaugural address he said: "You have summoned me in my weakness, you must sustain me by your strength."

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After leaving the White House, the Pierces remained in Washington for more than two months, staying with former Secretary of State William Marcy. The Pierces eventually moved to Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Franklin Pierce and Jane spent the next three years traveling, beginning with a stay in Madeira and followed by tours of Europe and the Bahamas. Jane Pierce died of tuberculosis at Andover, Massachusetts, on December 2, 1863. She was buried at Old North Cemetery in Concord, New Hampshire. Her husband was interred there beside her in 1869.
James Monroe and his wife, the former Elizabeth Kortright, had three children:

1. Eliza Monroe (1786–1835) In 1808, she married George Hay, a lawyer who practiced law in Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia from 1787 to 1803. He was a U.S. Attorney for the District of Virginia from 1803 to 1816 and served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1816 to 1822, before returning to private practice in Washington, D.C. from 1822 to 1825. On July 5, 1825, Hay received a recess appointment from John Quincy Adams to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia vacated by St. George Tucker. He was formally nominated on December 13, 1825, and was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 31, 1826. He served until his death. Eliza substituted for her ailing mother as official White House hostess for her father's presidential events.

2. James Spence Monroe was Monroe's only son. He died in infancy, being born in 1799 and passing away in 1801. He was likely named for Monroe's younger brother Spence.



3. Maria Hester Monroe who was born in 1804 and died in 1850. I have focused this entry on her because the biographies of Monroe that I have read mention her most, and it was with Maria that James Monroe went to live after his wife's death. He died in her home.

Maria Hester finished school in Philadelphia before moving into the White House in 1819. She married her cousin Samuel L. Gouverneur on March 9, 1820, in what was the first wedding of a president's child in the White House. She was 17 at the time and he was one of the President's junior secretaries. He was the nephew of first lady Elizabeth Monroe. The wedding took place in what was then called “the Elliptical Saloon” (known today as the “Blue Room”). The Rev. William Hawley, pastor of St. John’s Episcopal Church officiated at the ceremony. Following the ceremony, a banquet was held for forty-two close friends and relatives in the State Dining Room.

The wedding of Maria Hester Monroe managed to cause resentment among Washington society, and especially within the diplomatic community. Elizabeth Kortright Monroe was perceived as snobbish, even though her aloofness may have been the product of her poor health. She left a number of prominent Washington politicians and socialites off of the guest list, causing many of them to get their noses out of joint.

Maria Hester was described in one contemporary writing by the unflattering description of being "an innocent, plain, big-boned, seventeen-year-old". Her name was pronounced “Mariah,” an old Welsh pronunciation. The wedding was organized by older sister, Eliza Monroe Hay, who took charge of the event. This caused some tension within the family. Samuel Gouverneur resented the fact that his young bride was not allowed to make her own decisions about who was invited to the wedding. Louisa Adams, the wife of then Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, wrote in her diary that Eliza Monroe was “so proud and so mean I scarcely ever met such a compound.”

Maria and Samuel followed the wedding with a series of private celebrations. They encouraged their respective hosts to invite whomever they wished, in order to be as inclusive as possible. After the couple returned from a week's honeymoon, Commodore and Mrs. Stephen Decatur gave them a reception at the Decatur House on May 20, 1820. Another ball had to be cancelled because Decatur died two days later in a duel.

The couple later moved to New York where Gouverneur became was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1825. He was Postmaster of New York City from 1828 to 1836. While in New York he invested in racehorses, and the Bowery Theatre along with James Alexander Hamilton, son of Alexander Hamilton.

When James Monroe left office, he was faced with financial pressures. He sold off his Virgina home, then known as Highland Plantation. (It is now called Ash Lawn-Highland and is now owned by his alma mater, the College of William and Mary, which has opened it to the public as an historic site.) Throughout his life, James Monroe was not financially solvent, and his wife's poor health made matters worse. Maria Hester and her husband helped the former president after he left office, financially and in other ways. Gouveneur, a capable lawyer, helped Monroe to press his claims to Congress in order that he could repay his mounting debts.

When Elizabeth Monroe died in 1830, James Monroe came to live at Maria Hester's home. He died there on the 4th of July in 1831. Gouverneur served as executor of Monroe's estate, which had to be sold off to pay the debts. Monroe was buried in the Gouverneur family vault at the New York City Marble Cemetery, until 1858 when descendants had the remains moved to the James Monroe Tomb in the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.

Monroe's personal papers were left to Gouverneur. Maria Hester was also was asked to support her sister Eliza Monroe Hay, who was by then a widow. Gouverneur started work on publishing the papers or a book on Monroe, but it was never finished.Eliza died in 1840. The Gouverneurs moved to Washington, DC. where Gouverneur worked in the consular bureau of the US Department of State from 1844 to 1849.

Maria Hester was the mother of three children:

1. James Monroe Gouverneur (1822–1885), a deaf-mute who died at the Spring Grove Asylum in Baltimore, Maryland
2. Elizabeth Kortright Gouverneur (1824–1868) who married Henry Lee Heiskell; and
3. Samuel Laurence Gouverneur, Jr. (1826–1880), who married Mariah Campbell (1821–1914), and became the first U.S. consul in Fuzhou, China.



On June 20, 1850, Maria Monroe Gouverneur died at the Oak Hill estate. The following year her husband remarried and retired to the Lee estate called "Needwood", near Frederick, Maryland. He died in 1865.

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